Temple University
Department of Economics

Economics 92
Principles of Microeconomics, Honors

Homework 4
First Games

Cigarette Advertising was done on TV prior to January 1, 1971.  This first game answers the question of the willingness of the cigarette manufacturers to agree to the ban.  Suppose that there are two manufacturers: Philip-Morris and Lorillard. Their profits when they advertise and when they do not are shown in the following table:

Name

1. Suppose that Lorillard chooses Don't Advertise. What is Philip-Morris' payoff if they also choose Don't Advertise?

2. Suppose that Lorillard chooses Advertise. What is Philip-Morris' payoff if they choose Don't Advertise

3. Given the payoffs as shown, would Philip-Morris ever choose "Don't Advertise"? Yes No

4. Given the payoffs as shown, would Lorillard ever choose Don't Advertise Yes No

You can see that Philip-Morris and Lorillard will both advertise, although they would prefer that they both don't advertise.  There is a coordination problem in this game.  The agreement with the government to suspend TV advertising provided the coordination mechanism that was previously lacking.  You should be able to generalize this situation to other business scenarios, in particular brewing.

Suppose that the payoff matrix is changed just a little to the following:

5. Suppose that Lorillard chooses Don't Advertise. What is Philip-Morris' payoff if they also choose Don't Advertise?

6. Suppose that Lorillard chooses Don't Advertise. What is Philip-Morris' payoff if they  choose Advertise

7. In response to a play of Don't Advertise by Lorillard, can we say with certainty what strategy will be played by Philip-Morris? Yes No

8. Does the solution to the game change between the two versions presented above? Yes No

Suppose that the payoff matrix is changed just a little bit more:

9. What is Philip-Morris' best response to a play of Don't Advertise by Lorillard?
or

10. What is Philip Morris' best response to a play of Advertise by Lorillard?
or

11. What is Lorillard's best response to a play of Don't Advertise by Philip-Morris?
or

12. What is Lorillard's best response to a play of Advertise by Philip-Morris?
or

13. For which strategy pairs is there an overlap in best responses by the two players?

 Overlap Strategy played by Philip-Morris Strategy played by  Lorillard 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and

14. How many equilibria to the game are there?

15. In this last version of the game is there still a coordination problem? Yes  No